On December 1st, 2013
Pench National Park is located on the boundary of Seoni and Chhindwara districts of Madhya Pradesh, close to Maharashtra's northern border. Pench National Park derives its name from the River Pench flowing through the National Park. Pench National Park is spread over 758 sq km. It was declared a sanctuary in 1977 but raised to the status of National park in 1983. Later it was established as Tiger Reserve area in 1992.Pench became the 19th tiger reserve of India in 1992. The park was christened Indira Priyadarshani National Park in 2002.
The area of the present tiger reserve has a famous history. An explanation of its natural wealth and richness occurs in Ain-i-Akbari. Pench Tiger Reserve and its neighborhood is the original setting of Rudyard Kipling's most famous work, The Jungle Book. Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book and its character Mowgli is based on Pench National Park. This park is also legendary called as Mowgli Land.
Pench National Park is known for its wildlife and flora fauna. Beside the Pench National Park, Bird Watching is another thing to do at Park.
Pench Tiger Reserve - Pench Tiger Reserve is one of the most visited place at Pench National Park. You can spot the Royal Bengal Tiger and Leopard here. Apart from the Tiger it is home for many birds specially Owl. Owl breeding is another attraction for Pench National Park.
The Reserve is positioned in a region that holds a significant position in the natural history of Central India. The explanation of its natural beauty, luxury in flora and fauna has appeared in several wildlife books dating back to 17th century. Books written in the 19th and early 20th century by famous naturalists like Captain J. Forsyth and Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book explicitly present the detailed landscape of nature's wealth in this territory.
An widespread forest belt extends in three directions, north, east and south, covering forest tracts of Seoni, Balaghat and Nagpur districts. The bordering forest on the southern side in the Maharashtra state of India, initially notified as Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park has been newly included in the Project Tiger network by the same name as this Reserve. A dam was constructed on the Pench River on south-eastern boundary of the Reserve.
The area is criss-crossed by several seasonal streams and nalas. The Pench river flowing through the central line of the Reserve is dry by the April-end but a number of water pools locally known as dohs are found, which serve as waterholes for wild animals. A few perennial springs also exist in this area. However, the water sources are not suitably distributed, hence large area remains unutilized by the wild animals. The Pench reservoir at the center of the Reserve is the only major water source during pinch period.
As the prey concentration is high along the Pench River, tigers usually inhabit this belt. Leopards, though, generally operate in the peripheral areas but are occasionally seen in deep forests also. Jungle cats are commonly seen. Leopard cats, Small Indian Civets and Palm Civets are common but seen very rarely.
Wild dogs are commonly seen in packs of 12 to 15, near Chhedia, Jamtara, Bodanala and Pyorthadi areas of the Reserve. Wild Boar is ubiquitous. Sloth bear occupy hilly, rocky out crops and favour mahul bel infested forest. Chinkara is present in very small number and is found in open areas around Turia, Telia, Dudhgaon villages. Jackals are seen rarely in near Tekadi, Alikatta and Chhindimatta villages.