History Of Pench National Park

On November 6th, 2013

Pench Tiger Reserve

Pench National Park is located on the boundary of Seoni and Chhindwara districts of Madhya Pradesh, close to Maharashtra's northern border. Pench National Park derives its name from the River Pench flowing through the National Park. Pench National Park is spread over 758 sq km. It was declared a sanctuary in 1977 but raised to status of National park in 1983. Later it was established as Tiger Reserve area in 1992.Pench became 19th tiger reserve of India in 1992. The park was christened Indira Priyadarshani National Park in 2002.

Pench tiger reserve has a famous history. Explanation of its natural wealth and richness occurs in Ain-i-Akbari. Pench Tiger Reserve and its neighborhood is original setting of Rudyard Kipling's most famous work, “The Jungle Book”. Rudyard Kipling's “The Jungle Book” and its character Mowgli is based on Pench National Park. This park is also legendary called as Mowgli Land.

Pench National Park is known for its wildlife, flora and fauna. You can spot the Royal Bengal Tiger and Leopard here. Besides Pench National Park is famous for “Birds" too. Owl breeding is another attraction at Pench National Park. Over 285 species of Birds are found here.It includes both migratory and resident such as Indian Pitta, Malabar Pied Hornbill, Grey-headed Fishing Eagle, Osprey, White-eyed Buzzard, etc. Post Monsoon and winter is time to see many migratory birds such as Barheaded Geese, Brahmini Duck, Pochards, Coots etc.

This region holds a significant position in history of Central India. Its natural beauty, flora and fauna has appeared in several wildlife books dating back to 17th century. Books written in the 19th and early 20th century by famous naturalists like Captain J. Forsyth and Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book explicitly mention detailed landscape of nature's wealth in this territory.

Widespread forest belt extends in three directions, north, east and south covering forest tracks of Seoni, Balaghat and Nagpur districts. The bordering forest on the southern side in the Maharashtra state of India, initially notified as Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park has been newly included in the Project Tiger network by the same name as this Reserve. A dam was constructed on the Pench River on south-eastern boundary of the Reserve.

The area is is covered by several seasonal streams. Pench river flowing through the central line of the Reserve is dry by the April-end but a number of water pools locally known as dohs are found, which serve as waterholes for wild animals. A few perennial springs also exist in this area. However, water sources are not suitably distributed, hence large area remains unutilized by the wild animals. The Pench reservoir at the center of the Reserve is the only major water source during summers.

As prey concentration is high along the Pench River, tigers usually inhabit this belt. Leopards, though, generally operate in the peripheral areas but are occasionally seen in deep forests also. Jungle cats are commonly seen. Small Indian Civets and Palm Civets are also common.

Wild dogs are commonly seen in packs of 12 to 15, near Chhedia, Jamtara, Bodanala and Pyorthadi areas of the Reserve. Wild Boar is ubiquitous. Sloth bear occupy hilly, rocky out crops and favour mahul bel infested forest. Chinkara is present in very small number and is found in open areas around Turia, Telia, Dudhgaon villages. Jackals are seen rarely in near Tekadi, Alikatta and Chhindimatta villages.

Pench National Park is known for its wildlife, flora and fauna. You can spot the Royal Bengal Tiger and Leopard here. Besides Pench National Park is famous for “Birds" too. Owl breeding is another attraction at Pench National Park. Over 285 species of Birds are found here.It includes both migratory and resident such as Indian Pitta, Malabar Pied Hornbill, Grey-headed Fishing Eagle, Osprey, White-eyed Buzzard, etc. Post Monsoon and winter is time to see many migratory birds such as Barheaded Geese, Brahmini Duck, Pochards, Coots etc.

How to Reach Pench National Park:

Pench national park has 3 entrance gates but the most popular one is Turia gate which is 13km. away from Khawasa state border (NH-7) of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. Nearest airport and railway station is in Nagpur city (90 kms.). Jabalpur is about 200 km. away from Pench (Turai gate) and Kanha national park (Kisli gate) is about 250 km. Chhindwara is about 65 km. but via Seoni is 120 km.

BEST TIME TO VISIT

The best time to visit Pench national park is during the months of February to April. Summer is a good time to spot the animals when they come out during to drink at the waterholes. The park remains closed from July 1st to October 14th.